We see that both sides are guilty of measuring the effectiveness and using units of analysis which can be biased toward their agendas. Another technique that is used is changing the lesson plans for each student, to ensure each one gets the right presentation of the information needed for them to learn.
There are many who see this as a solution to the problem of how to best educate children with disabilities. Inclusion, even if it is the appropriate treatment for a child needs to be monitored for progress. Those who argue against the full inclusion of all students further maintain that a regular education teacher does not or cannot teach to the special needs of a child with disabilities which require much specialization, they are not trained to teach to that child, and there are no resources available for such.
It is the opinion of the inclusionists that full inclusion and the changes necessary to make it work is something to which we are "morally bound" Fuchs and Fuchs, Board of Education is discussed by Friend and Bursuck as a "case establishing the principle that school segregation denies some students equal educational opportunity Bright People Sometimes Say Stupid Things about Education, that "Some of us have maintained the position that although inclusion in general education in regular schools with support from special educators may work well for some students, such inclusion is neither feasible nor effective for all students" Kauffman,p.
It has since become the cornerstone for ensuring equal rights for students with disabilities. The analysis of the oppositionists here concludes that education is to be accounted for first and is more important, ultimately, than any current trend in education.
Full inclusion is based on the rights of the students to be in the general classroom and the perceived social benefits that being in that classroom provides. These court cases are a strong support for the argument of inclusion.
There are strong points of law, court cases, and expert opinion to support both sides of the inclusion debate. Modern day special education began in the 's after several hundred years where we saw thinking change from the time prior to where the disabled were thought to be "demon possessed"; to the time in the 's where public thinking was largely based on the misinterpretation of Darwin's Theory of Evolution and the disenchanting effects of the Civil War; to theearly 's where the work of scientists such as Freud, Kanner, and Binet began to impact the public thinking; to the post-war era of the 's when special education was shaped by the work of Bettleheim, Redl and Wineman, and Bower and many categories of disabilities became identified.
There is still plenty of room for debate. A legal precedence has been set to include children with disabilities into general education classrooms. This is where the problem and controversy arises in regard to students who have disabilities; how best to do this. We must ensure the rights of all students, both abled and disabled, to receive the education to which they are entitled by law.
There would be no middle ground. The teacher had another student assigned to be the permanent "helper" of this child—the child was expected to help the disabled student with her work, help with the discipline of said student, and to be an advocate for this child in the classroom. Childhood Education, Mid-Summer v74 n5 p 4.
Friend and Bursuck also note a case which is widely believed to be critical in forming the foundations and legal precedence of inclusion: Specific cases which have been brought before the courts have helped to clarify the meanings of IDEA, as well as provide an argument on the side of full inclusion.
We should also remember that when we place a student, that the needs of other students in that classroom also need to be considered. Missouri State Board of Educationagain discussed on the site Inclusive Education, it was found by the courts that "inclusion of a student with serious learning disabilities was inappropriate after the school refused to retrain its teachers" Inclusive Education, The case of Brown v.
What are "supplementary aids and services". This involved the physical integration, functional integration, and social integration of the students. Inclusion in the American Public Schools: Another way I observed is, also on some tests the teachers will have give the disabled students the same test they give everyone else, but have some of the wrong answer choices marked off, so that it makes it easier for them to choose the correct one Anonymous.
McNelis give details of a school which practices full inclusion in Baltimore in the article, The Resource Center: We must not let the child, in the mean time, to "slip between the cracks" and receive no appropriate education at all. This is where IDEA and our federal mandate stand currently.
Proponents of mainstreaming were of the mind that social behavior does not occur outside of social contact and therefore, students with disabilities should be with their non-disabled peers. Dowdy in their article for Childhood Education, Educating young children with disabilities using responsible inclusion Smith and Dowdy, Place is important because it constrains what instruction can be offered, but it is a secondary consideration by logic and by law" Kauffman,p.
The use of these court cases by the oppositionists to support their views is used in a similar fashion as the way in which the inclusionists used court cases to support their views.
The goal of educating these students with disabilities should be no different than the goals of educating the students who are in general education, which is that we should educate them in such a way as to help them realize their full potential.
It is because of this experience, as well as the examination of the history, the laws, and the views of educators that this author believes that full inclusion should only be used as one of many treatments for a child with disabilities, not as an answer for all.
We can see that the IDEA laws and subsequent court cases are open to a broad range of interpretations and that both sides use them and translate them to their best advantage. Those who argue against full inclusion maintain that the needs of each student must be assessed individually; inclusion can not and must not be done in a manner which does not explore what is right for the individual.
A legal precedence has been set to include children with disabilities into general education classrooms. Special education or special needs education is the practice of educating students with special needs in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs.
Special education is defined as “specially designed instruction that meets the unusual needs of an exceptional student” according to Hallahan, D., Kauffman, J., and Pullen, P.
(). The student that I chose to interview is currently age 25 and completed her. Special education is a broad term used to define additional services provided to individuals suffering from physical impairments, developmental delays, emotional impairments, learning impairments and communication difficulties.
Essay on Reflection on My Ability as a Teacher of Special Needs Children - Final Reflection As I ponder over my personal professional development experiences as an educator the realization of how one has developed over time is personally satisfying.
My personal philosophy of special education drives not from teaching in the field, but from, observations, and personal experience, and the workshops I attended. I have had the opportunity to work with individuals with special needs in many different settings, all this help cultivate my knowledge in.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec This essay will explain how Special education has changed in many different ways throughout the last century. How it views of the way students with differences should be taught and treated have changed due to different laws that have been passed over the past years.The realization of special education essay